For some reason my Windows Intune connector stopped working correctly recently. While testing I was able to enroll devices to Configuration Manager / Windows Intune but the devices never showed up in the Configuration Manager console.
Same behavior was for newly applications deployed to the collection with all the Windows Intune enabled users. The deployed application did not became available in the Company Portal after logging on.
Read my complete blog here: http://configmgrblog.com/2014/01/06/configmgr-windows-intune-connector-stops-working-error-0x8013150c/